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Welsh Government
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Options for career changers

Are you thinking of changing career? People change jobs at various stages of their careers for a variety of reasons.

It could be:

  • To earn more money
  • For better terms and conditions
  • To improve work-life balance
  • To try new things
  • Because of forced changes such as health problems

Whatever your reasons, stay positive and take the next steps to your new start.


7 steps to take towards changing your career

1. Identify your transferable skills

Your transferable skills are the skills you have that can be used in other types of jobs, skills that you can transfer into another job.

Use this list to identify your transferable skills:

a) Think of a typical day at work, or a typical week. List all the tasks you do each day, both big and small. Do this for your current job, for previous jobs and any voluntary work or responsibilities outside of work too

b)    Look at your job descriptions, both past and present and list all the tasks you know you did in those jobs

c)    Review  your certificates and qualifications and list the things you learned within them, and what skills you gained by doing the training. Remember that as well as learning the specific skill,  that your IT, research or other skills you’ve  improved by doing assignments

d)    Identify and list your strengths– things like communication, organisation, and team work. If you are not sure ask people you trust what they think you are good at, or read over references you’ve had in the past.

Now you have a list of your transferable skills you can use them to:

  • Match your skills to different jobs
  • To help write your CV or job applications to different jobs
  • Identify any skills gaps you have (you may need more experience or training)

2. Assess the risks and benefits before you make your decision 

Making a career change is a big step so it’s important to know the risks and benefits before you make the change.

Potential benefits could include:

  • Increased job satisfaction
  • Better work life balance
  • Promotion potential
  • Higher wage
  • Different working hours (whether higher or lower)
  • Better job security/stability

Potential risks could include:

  • Financial cost of re-training, and/or taking a lower wage, or a job with less hours
  • Availability of the type of job you are looking for
  • Lower job security/stability
  • A decrease in your work life balance
  • Further to travel to work

Weigh up the risks and the benefits carefully.

View our Job Information leaflets to find out the wages, hours, and training needed before you make a decision.


3.    Find out any training and qualifications you might need

If you’ve got a career idea in mind, use our Job Information leaflets to find out the qualifications or training you might need.

Search for the different courses available in Wales - Courses in Wales.

Consider an apprenticeship as an option, as the career you are looking for may have apprenticeship vacancies. Find out more about Apprenticeships.
 


4. Get career ideas that match your skills and interests

You want to find a job that you'll enjoy. Finding a job that uses your skills and interests may mean that you find a job that suits you perfectly.  

Take our Job Matching Quiz which will match your answers to suitable jobs.


5.  Know where and how to look for jobs

It's important to keep all your options open to give yourself the best chance of finding many job opportunities.

Take a look at Getting a job to find information on job websites, finding jobs online, recruitment agency work and much more.


6. Write or refresh your CV

Making sure your CV is up to date and includes information about your most recent employment, skills and experiences is key. It means that if you see a job you want, you're ready to apply for it.

Take a look at Build a CV for information on what to include in a CV and to view examples.


7. Practice your interview skills

'Practice makes perfect'. It's important to prepare before an interview to give yourself the best chance of getting the job.

Take a look at our advice on Interview techniques.


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